New Nepal : New South Asia

Peoples rights in power and resources
Foundation for democratic republic new Nepal.

JANAYATRA Secretariat:
Office of National Land Rights Concern Group,
New Baneshwor, Kathmandu Phone: 01 6910588
JANAYATRA, 2007, Nepal

The statistics reveals that 40 percent of the total poor population of the world lives in South Asia. The other common factors among these people are that most of the South Asians share similar economic and political problems. The poverty remains the same; the workers who toil day and night does not have enough even to eat their daily meal. Women, Dalits, Ethnic Groups are suffering from discrimination. Women and Children are being traded like animals but the state is not in a position to resolve these problems. There are abundant problems in the SAARC region and people are slowly getting organized themselves to raise those problems locally as well as in organized manner. Thus people are in movement to struggle against prevailing inequality, injustice and discrimination. People are confident that they will overcome one day soon and break the chain of injustice, inequality and discrimination.. SAARC has not been effective to address the common problems of people and to strengthen common trade and economy in the region. It could not play the role such to solve the problems that are being faced by the people of this region from long time back. The SAARC neither addressed the problems of the people and win their heart nor bring about any concrete plans and commitment for the suffering people of this region. The people of SAARC have continuously struggled for democracy and have faced brutalities of the rulers to assert their will. It became therefore a crying need for a movement which could truly pressurize the SAARC from people level to compel the state to resolve the common problems of the people in this region. There is a need of a common voice, common movement of the people to make it effective. Due to this reason the people from the SAARC region have initiated the Peoplesf SAARC to aware the SAARC and make it people oriented while in the other hand interrelate the peoplesf movement of the SAARC region and work towards establishment of a real democratic government because only the democracy which addresses and links upto the down level people can solve these problems. The democratic politics here refers to equality of opportunity; participation, recognition, delegation of power, rights to struggle, distribution of natural resources in an equitable manner without discrimination on the basis of origins. The movement is thus to ensure control over resources and to redefine the path of development so that livelihoods and dignity of all are restored, protected, preserved and furthered. A good understanding, unity, coordination, mutual solidarity, constructive debate, and interactions among civil society of this region are vital in order to make a free South Asia with just, equity and social harmony. People's SAARC was one of the most important forums organized by civil society of South Asian countries in May 2007 in Kathmandu. The people's SAARC extended solidarity to the Nepal's movement for peace and absolute democracy. People's SAARC started to organize the voices for democracy, peace, sharing of natural resources and towards living dignified life for all. This movement needs to be given continuity, thus the concept of Imagine a New South Asia (INSA) has come up to realize a new and prosperous South Asia. It is a new initiative envisioned to promote regional cooperation both at the government as well as civil society level for peaceful, prosperous, just and democratic South Asia. This event is one of the components of INSA movement in Nepal.

The context of Nepal

In the historical movement II the people swarmed in the street mass demonstration voluntarily in anticipation to realize a just, democratic and peaceful society. People marched on the street in the hope that after this movement their rights will be guaranteed, the state will be just, inclusive and federal. In the historical movement hundreds of people became martyrs. The movement is continual towards achieving the dreams of those martyrs and the feelings of the people. The state is also proceeding forward in realizing this, however, this transitional period is being lengthy, the problems of people remain as they were, and it is seen that still a long road needs to be crossed in order to fulfill the aspirations, rights and needs of the people. For the active participation of people in the movement a strong will power and continuous social mobilisation in the grass root level is necessary. The state needs to be warned by the people on regular basis, therefore, on this pretext the Janayatra 2064 is being organised along with the demands of the people.


Nepal was ruled by autocratic monarch for over 239 years which facilitated the inequitable distribution of power and natural resources. Evidently, the participation of poor, Dalits, Women, Madheshi, Janajati and other marginalized groups in politics and leadership is very low and naturally the policies have been formulated in favor of elite groups only totally neglecting the majority of the population who are marginalized and deprived of power and resource. An active participation of the marginalized groups in constituent assembly is vital in order to preserve their rights. People's movement of 2006 was aimed against the autocratic monarchy, inequality in power and natural resources distribution, and to reinstate democracy, peace building from below level, social justice and human rights in the state. As a result of this movement it has now been constitutionally accepted that Nepal will be a federal and socially inclusive state. People are waiting to see the future of Nepal in general and the marginalized Nepalese in particular will be determined through constituent assembly that is scheduled on November 22, 2007. To ensure that the democracy, sustainable peace, human rights are the fundamental needs and base for imaging a new Nepal, therefore, to sensitize the people and to create pressure to the state this peoples Jana Yatra has been organized. People and the state is in need of such a politics of democratization which consists of participation, recognition, power delegation, rights and control over resources. To fulfill these dreams of people and to institutionalize the democratic system we are in the process of constitution assembly. This Janayatra is an effective means to raise the issues of constituent assembly by Poor and underprivileged, Dalits, Women, Madheshi, Janajati and other marginalized groups for changing power relation and justifiable political participation and resource distribution. It is very important to ensure the active participation of people in the constitution assembly process and to guarantee that the feelings, needs and rights of the people are included in the new constitution to sketch the fundamental of new Nepal. Janayatra will facilitate the debate of constituent assembly amongst all marginalized groups and will raise their issues that ultimately help to uproot monarchy, ill practices and discrimination and establish a federal, inclusive and democratic republic Nepal. The Demands of people express through JANAYATRA


Janayatra will begin from Ilam in the Eastern region, Ramechhap in the Central region and Baitadi in the Far Western region from September 9, 2007 (2064 Bhadra 23) and will converse at Butawal on September 21, 2007 (2064 Ashwin 4), the International Peace Day. Participants will cross tentatively 15 KM distance in one day by foot. In the route passing through jungle and nonresidential areas, the Yatra be on vehicle and the next stop distance may increase as per feasibility. The priority will be given to the discussions and meetings on policy demands and assembly with the marginalized groups and underprivileged community - in villages and in areas where they live.

Ilam route follows Ilam, Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Saptari, Siraha, Dhanusa, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara, Makawanpur, Chitawan (Narayanghat), Nawalparasi and arrive at Butawal. The Ramechhap route follows Ramechhap, Dolakha, Sindhupalchok, Kavrepalanchok, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Dhading, Chitawan (Mungling), Tanahun, Kaski, Syangja, Palpa and Butawal. The last route is Baitadi, Dadenldhura, Kanchanpur, Kailali, Bardiya, Banke, Dang, Kapilvastu and Butawal. JANAYATRA will move to villages and community without confining to roadhead areas. Logistics arrangements to the participants of JANAYATRA will be based on the local management arranged by different local Civil Society Organizations (CSOs). The marching route of JANAYATRA is as outlined below in Nepal's map

The marginalized groups and community will be focused. The participants will be the representatives of groups and community that have been deprived of their rights. There will be the participation of all ages, Men and Women, Dalits, Madhesi, Janajati and poor. Different local and national level Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) will participate and make their solidarity to the JANAYATRA. Since this movement is not only confined in Nepal, the participants will be the leaders of people's movements of neighboring countries like India, Bhutan and Bangladesh.There will be around 30 full time participants and around 10 volunteers in each route. Thousands of people will join JANAYATRA as it passes through their villages, cities and areas. A closing ceremony with an assembly will be held at Butawal with the participation of 50 thousand people

Regular interaction and follow up with the media people, wall painting, distribution of brochure, posters, pamphlets and radio jingle, rally and mike announcing, flash news publication in local and national newspaper and in local cable line etc will be carried out.

The four major networks, federations and forums are facilitating the JANAYATRA secretariat